<i>Last Century</i> of a Sephardic Community - The Jews of Monastir, 1839-1943.
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The Sephardic Jews of Monastir, 1839-1943. A web companion to a new history.

The list published in Last Century is the first to present in English all the names, addresses, ages, and occupations of the 3,276 Monastir Jews killed in the Holocaust.

After the Second World War, the United States held the largest Monastirli community in the world, but until now it has been extremely difficult, if not impossible, for American Monastirlis to uncover information about the Monastir Jews murdered by the Nazis. Now, those looking for lost relatives or conducting genealogy research can mine this list for information.

Paper graveyard

In this paper graveyard of the Monastirlis, as in actual graveyards, it is possible to wander among the dead and gather small clues about their lives.

Over there is Alegra Mois Ovadia, wife of Mois Eliso Ovadia, who became a mother when she was only 15 years old. Here is Mois Leon Sarfati, youngest son of Leon J. Sarfati. He was already working as a tailor by the time he was 13. The parents of Merkado A. Talvi surely saw their other children die, because to ensure his survival they arranged for him to be "bought" (mercado) by another family so that death would not find him.

The Holocaust in Monastir

All the Jews of Yugoslav Macedonia were deported from their homes on Thursday, March 11, 1943. On that day in Monastir, police and soldiers gathered at the police station at 2 a.m. to receive instructions for the removal of the Jews.

Solomon Alcosser was 29 and his wife Buena was 23. Alegra Haim Aruesti was three years old. Mati Avram Bechar, 18, made his living selling coffee. Buena Josef Calderon, 13, was a schoolgirl.

At 7 a.m. the Jews walked to the railroad station. A train was waiting to take them to the neighboring city of Skopje, where a temporary detention center had been established at the state tobacco monopoly warehouse known as Monopol.

Rafael Avron Calderon, 35, was a community official. Isak Simon Demajo, 15, was a shoemaker. Baruch Salomon Eschkenasi, 35, made brooms. Rachel Juda Franko, 86, lived alone. Rebecca Hasson, 18, was a salaried employee.

For the next 11 days the Monastir Jews, together with Jews from Skopje and Shtip, more than 7,000 in all, lived in crowded, filthy conditions in four warehouses at Monopol. The weather was cold, there was little food and few blankets, and the Jews were continually searched, beaten, and humiliated. Women and girls were raped.

Rekula Faradschi was 18. Alegra Florenti was 25. Stela Tschelebon Franko was 20. Alegra Israel was 17. Klara Avram Kamchi was 32.

Between March 22 and March 29, three trains carried the Jews to Treblinka. The last train carried 2,404 Jews, approximately 2,300 of whom were from Monastir. This train departed for Treblinka at 12:30 p.m. on March 29 and reached the death camp on April 5 at 7 a.m.

Avram Behar Cohen, 14, worked as a greengrocer. Bohor Moshe Cohen, 65, was a merchant. Isak Kolonomos, 65, mended clothes. Avram Konfino, 17, and his brother Marsel, 15, were electricians. Reina Majo was two years old. Isak Schabitaj Nachmias, 57, drove a coach. Jakov Haim Ovadia, 22, was a sack maker. Boena David Pardo, 12, earned money working as a maid. Mois Samuel Peso, 24, sold milk. Samuel B. Sacharia, 15, was a shepherd. Nissim Saporta, 30, was a baker. Buena Sarfati had only recently been born.


<i>Last Century</i> of a Sephardic Community - The Jews of Monastir, 1839-1943.

Last Century of a Sephardic Community - The Jews of Monastir, 1839-1943.
by Mark Cohen

LIST PRICE: $34.95


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